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Here you will find info about autism, dealing with autism and some details about some of the services we provide for you and your loved ones.

What is Autism?

Autism is a complex brain disorder that typically appears during a child’s first three years and lasts throughout a person’s lifetime. It is also referred to as spectrum disorder because of the wide range of symptoms and severity.It is lifelong and has biological bases, but the causes of Autism are not know as yet. However, genetics and environment play a role.

There is no known cure, however it is treatable.

Disorder is neurological because it is connected to Central and peripheral nervous system; for example, brain and spinal cord disorder is developmental because it occurs at some stage in child’s development, hence delaying it.

What are some symptoms of Autism?

Impairments in communication

  • Delay or lack of spoken language
  • No attempts to use other modes of alternative communication; such as gestures and pointing
  • Inability to initiate or sustain conversation in individuals with adequate speech
  • Repetitive or stereotype use of language; for instance, echolalia (repeating heard words)

Impairments in social interaction

  • Failure to develop peer relationship
  • Lacking social or emotional reciprocity
  • Failure to engage in non verbal behaviours (ie., facial expression, body postures, eye to eye gaze, etc.)

Repetitive and stereotypical patterns of behaviour

  • Inflexible adherence to specific nonfunctional routines and objects
  • Repetitive motor actions; for instance, finger or hand flapping, or any other body movements

How is Autism Diagnosed ?

Parents and family members are usually the first to notice delays in a child meeting the usual developmental milestones. However, Autism is not diagnosed on only one factor or symptom but based on combination of specific behavior, communication delays and developmental disablity. So when you suspect any differences in the ability to speak or unable to make social interactions in your child, parents or caregivers are advised to speak to their General Physican or contact Hope Autism for further help.Please visit the Autism Ontario’s Red Flags for Autism and if you notice these behaviours please contact your physician for possible Autism symptom.

You can also visit Ministry of Child and Youth website.


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Guidelines – Autism Intervention Program